Artist Training in the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes (Imperial Academy of Fine Arts)
Artist Training in the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes (Imperial Academy Of Fine Arts)/Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) is coordinated by Dr. Sonia Gomes Pereira. An award from the Petrobrás Cultural Programme in May 2004 was the incentive for setting up this research group which started in July 2005. Petrobrás is funding four activities related to the D. João VI Museum run by EBA/UFRJ, Rio’s Federal University’s Fine Art School: 1) the cleaning of the whole archive (already completed); 2) modernisation of the technical reserves (already completed); 3) expansion of the database and its inclusion on the museum’s website (already completed); 4) reissue of the Museum Catalogue (we have edited the general Museum Catalogue, we are now digitising the whole historical archive to create an online catalogue.) Of these four activities, the last two are directly linked to this project and research group. The difference between this project and research group, compared to the previous group, is in the study focus, expanding from architect training to look at artistic training in general and extending the time frame from the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century when the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes became the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes. The main objective of this research group is to discuss the issue of artistic training from two basic perspectives: 1) critically reviewing concepts such as academicism and modernity in the visual arts during the period in question; 2) trying to understand the aesthetic principles employed in artistic training of that time and how it adhered to stylistic and typological concepts. The group began in July 2005, working with the D. João VI Museum’s archive which has preserved a large part of the AIBA/ENBA’s archive. The research has been published systematically.